Structure And the Function Of Endocrine System

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Structure And the Function Of Endocrine System

Endocrine system is the complex network of organs and glands inside the body. Functions of endocrine system is significantly in regulating and controlling various bodily processes. Sometimes those processes similar to the nervous system does.
The endocrine system uses chemical messengers called hormones while the neurological system communicates using nerve impulses and also neurotransmitters.
The endocrine system is in charge of controlling variety of body processes by releasing hormones. The endocrine glands belongs to endocrine system, secrete hormones. Those hormones circulate through the blood to the organs and tissues in body. These organs and tissues are subsequently given instructions by the hormones on how to behave or perform.

Various functions in the body that are controlled by endocrine system,
 • Growth and development
 • Response to injury
 • Metabolism of the body
 • Energy level
 • Mood
 • Stress
 • Energy level in the body
 • Reproduction
 • Heart rate
 • Blood pressure
 • Body temperature

As above explanation glandes belongs to endocrine system. An organ called gland produces and secretes compounds that the body requires to function. But not all the glands belongs to endocrine system. There are two type of glands inside the body. Those are endocrine glands and exocrine glands. Endocrine glands directly release hormones to the blood stream. But exocrine glands are not part of the endocrine system. Ex: sweat glands and lymph nodes.

Glands in the endocrine system produced hormones, store them and released. That glands produce one or more than one hormones. Those hormones target by particular organs and bodily tissues.

Structure and the function of endocrine system

Glands of the endocrine system
 • Hypothalamus
 • Pituitary
 • Thyroid
 • Parathyroid
 • Pineal
 • Thymus
 • Adrenal
 • Pancreas

The endocrine system release hormones to communicate with organs and tissue all across the body. Hormones go to their intended organ or tissue after released into the bloodstream, they travel to their target organ or tissue where receptors has and responded to by receptors.

Some hormones produced by endocrine system and their functions

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